A lot of us do not have any idea what cat scratch fever is. It is just the same as cat scratch disease. It is caused by a bacteria called Bartonella. It is primarily transmitted by getting scratched or bitten by a cat carrying the Bartonella bacteria. You can also be infected by having an open wound on your skin or if the white portion of your eyes comes into direct contact with the saliva of the cat carrying the Bartonella bacteria.
The skin where the scratch or bite site usually is located becomes a bump or blister. This is the first sign of cat scratch fever. Lymphadenopathy, or simply swelling of the lymph nodes, will be experienced next, usually about 2 to 3 weeks after the bite or scratch. This will happen at the lymph nodes near to where the scratch or bite site is located. These are the classic signs associated with cat scratch disease Premium Cat Scratch Deterrent Tape B07G3Q7CCD.
Other common signs and symptoms associated with the disease include a feeling of fatigue. Headache and discomfort throughout the body will also be experienced. Fever is also likely to be experienced, but only in some patients.
The less common signs and symptoms of the disease involve the lymph nodes draining into a rupture or a break in the skin and an enlarged spleen. The infected person will also experience a sore throat, anorexia or loss of appetite, and weight loss.
Knowing these signs and symptoms is therefore necessary so that you can seek medical attention immediately. If the classic signs of CSF are seen, then your physician will try to diagnose you if you have cat scratch disease. A physical examination or an ultrasound may reveal an enlarged spleen. The Bartonella henselae IFA test is a highly accurate test for confirmation of being infected with Bartonella bacteria. Lymph node biopsy can also be done.
The majority of cat scratch fever cases are not that serious and medical treatment is not usually necessary. A person with an intact immune system usually recovers completely without needing any treatment or medication. However, people with a suppressed immune system like those who have AIDS or people who have cancer under chemotherapy will need an antibiotic treatment like Azithromycin.
Be sure to seek medical attention immediately if you have had a recent history of cat bites or scratches to prevent complications like encephalopathy and neuroretinitis as well as osteomyelitis.